Notes on the Hardening of Pharoh’s Heart

by Tommy Peeler Pharaoh’s heart was hardened (Exodus 7:13-14, 22; 8:19; 9:7, 35) Pharaoh hardened his heart (Exodus 8:15, 32; 9:34) The LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart (Exodus 4:21; 7:3; 9:12; 10:20; 11:10; 14:4, 8, 17) Describe Exodus 5 in light of these three ways of describing Pharaoh’s hardness of heart. Is God forcing Pharaoh to…

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Challenges to positions on the death penalty and abortion

Question: [The following was sent in multi-color, multi-font format, which I find is usually done to distract readers. I removed all of it.] Good evening sir. Death Penalty After reading your article on ‘Early Christians and Abortion’ you seem to support the death penalty because you said, “When a criminal is put to death, it…

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Calvinism in Romans 9

by Matthew W. Bassford If there is any passage in the Bible that Calvinists love, it is Romans 9:6-24. Upon a casual reading, it seems to confirm the Calvinist doctrine of predestination. It talks at great length about God’s mercy and God’s choice being the deciding factors in human existence, and in the context, Paul…

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Does God’s foreknowledge only apply to groups?

Question: I just read your article on the subject of predestination and foreknowledge. I very well understood the difficulties and struggle of trying to explain subjects like these and wish to appreciate your efforts I just want you to look at Acts 13:48 and Ephesians 2:10. I will like to know how these tie into…

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Does God Already Know Everything that Will Ever Happen?

by Ken Green A Reformed (Calvinist) scholar wrote: “The Scriptures clearly teach that long before we pray, God already knows everything and that He has already determined what He is going to do.” It’s true that God is omniscient and absolutely sovereign over all things. To think that we can give God new information or…

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How can the actions of men change God’s sovereign will?

Question: Hi, First, thank you for your work in answering questions. Your diligence in doing so is admirable because it provides a great service to those either seeking God or those encountering difficulties in their walk with God. I’ve recently been reading and studying about God’s will, specifically God’s sovereign will. God’s sovereign will is…

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Does God only select a few to love?

Question: Hello friend! I found something that has been troubling me greatly. Some things have shown me that God does not love everyone and His love is conditional. Growing up in a southern “Bible-belt” church, I grew up learning that God loves everyone unconditionally. But due to recent discovery, apparently, God has only selected a few…

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Pharaoh’s Hard Heart

by Matthew Bassford There are few Scriptural discussions with more doctrinal overtones than the discussion of what God does to Pharaoh’s heart in Exodus. The text does, after all, say several times, “God hardened Pharaoh’s heart.” It’s this way in every translation of the Bible I’ve ever seen. That’s the evidence. Calvinists, though, like to…

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