Should a Christian apply for unemployment if they are laid off from a job or just look for another job?
Why is this an either-or question? Unemployment is offered so that a person can pay their bills while looking for another job. The purpose of unemployment insurance "is not to guarantee particular lifestyle choices, but rather to provide temporary assistance to those who become unemployed through no fault of their own. The intention of unemployment insurance is to protect employees from employer necessitated adjustments such as lay-offs, down-sizing, etc." [Jesika Moffitt, "Back to Basics: The Intended Purpose of Unemployment & How Abusing it Hurts You"].
Christians are expected to work. "For even when we were with you, we used to give you this order: if anyone is not willing to work, then he is not to eat, either" (II Thessalonians 3:10). Thus, when you lose a job, you search for another one. You count your blessings that we live in a society that gives us time to locate new work. Accepting help while you look for work is not wrong.