Survey of the Bible - Deuteronomy

Text: Deuteronomy 6:4-9


I.         The book of Deuteronomy is the last book in the section of the Old Testament that is known as the Law

            A.        This book is mostly a collection of four sermons which Moses presented to the people just before he died and before they people entered the land of Canaan.

                        1.         It covers a period of time of just five weeks.

            B.        The name Deuteronomy is from the Septuagint title, which means “second law.” It is a recap of the laws God had given Israel

                        1.         The Hebrew name for this book means “These be the words.”

                        2.         You must remember that those who heard the original law, given at Mount Sinai, had mostly died in the wilderness. Only Moses, Joshua and Caleb are left and Moses is about to die.

                        3.         This recap serves as a reminder to the new generation and gave this people an opportunity to commit themselves to God and His Law.

            C.        If you want to describe the content of the book in one word, “remember” is the best word to use as Moses uses it repeatedly throughout the book.

            D.        It was from Deuteronomy that Jesus quoted the Scriptures to defeat Satan - Deuteronomy 6:13, 16; 8:3

            E.        This is also the book which contains the greatest commandment - Deuteronomy 6:4

II.        Outline

            A.        Moses’ first address - How Israel came to this point - Deuteronomy 1-4

                        1.         A summary of Numbers - Deuteronomy 1-3

                        2.         The honor God has bestowed on Israel by giving them a law - Deuteronomy 4

            B.        Moses’ second address - Israel’s Laws - Deuteronomy 5-26

                        1.         A repeating of the Ten Commandments - Deuteronomy 5

                        2.         The importance of sincere obedience and teaching the law - Deuteronomy 6

                        3.         Commands to destroy the idolatry of Canaan and staying separate - Deuteronomy 7

                        4.         Recap of the Wilderness Wanderings and Israel’s rebellion - Deuteronomy 8-10

                        5.         The blessing of obedience - Deuteronomy 11

                        6.         Various laws - Deuteronomy 12-15

                        7.         The Feasts - Deuteronomy 16

                        8.         Laws concerning Justice, Judges, and Kings - Deuteronomy 17

                        9.         The Levite’s portion and discussion on false prophecy and the Prophet - Deuteronomy 18

                        10.       Cities of Refuge and Laws on Witnessing - Deuteronomy 19

                        11.       Rules of Engagement in War - Deuteronomy 20

                        12.       Various laws - Deuteronomy 21-26

            C.        Moses’ third address - Israel’s Future - Deuteronomy 27-28

                        1.         Command to record the law on Mount Ebal - Deuteronomy 27:1-10

                                    a.         Done by Joshua in Joshua 8:30-32

                        2.         The curses on Mount Ebal - Deuteronomy 27:11-26

                        3.         The blessings on Mount Gerizim - Deuteronomy 28:1-14

                        4.         The consequences for disobedience in Israel’s future - Deuteronomy 28:15-68

            D.        Moses’ fourth address- Israel’s Covenant with God - Deuteronomy 29-30

            E.        Moses’ final words - Deuteronomy 31-33

                        1.         Moses’ final counsel to Joshua - Deuteronomy 31:1-29

                        2.         The Song of Moses - Deuteronomy 31:30-32:52

                        3.         The Blessing of Moses - Deuteronomy 33

            F.        The death of Moses (most likely recorded by Joshua) - Deuteronomy 34

III.       Things the people were to remember

            A.        The giving of the law - Deuteronomy 4:9-10

            B.        The covenant - Deuteronomy 4:23

            C.        Their bondage in Egypt - Deuteronomy 5:15; 15:15; 16:12; 24:18, 22

            D.        Their deliverance - Deuteronomy 7:18

            E.        God’s leadership and their testing - Deuteronomy 8:2-6

            F.        God - Deuteronomy 8:18

            G.        Their sins - Deuteronomy 9:7

            H.        Their journey through the wilderness - Deuteronomy 16:3

            I.         God’s judgment on their sins - Deuteronomy 24:9

            J.         Their first victory in war - Deuteronomy 25:17

            K.        Their past - Deuteronomy 32:7

IV.      Notice that it is important for Christians to remember as well

            A.        We need to remember that Jesus brought us a law and that we entered a covenant with him through baptism - Colossians 2:9-13

            B.        We need to remember that we left sin behind and were delivered - Ephesians 2:11-13

            C.        We need to remember the hard trials we have gone through and the lessons we learned from them - James 1:2-4

            D.        We need to remember God

            E.        We need to remember that we will give an account for what we do - Romans 2:3-6

            F.        We need to remember our early victories - Revelation 2:5

            G.        We need to remember the Gospel - II Timothy 2:7-13

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