Question:

Regarding one of the names of the twelve disciples of Jesus: Which verse says that Judas the brother of James is called Lebbaeus? Which verse says they are the same person?


Answer:

 

Matthew 10:2-4 Mark 3:16-19 Luke 6:14-16 Acts 1:13
Peter, brother of Andrew Simon, nicknamed Peter Simon, nicknamed Peter, brother of Andrew Peter
Andrew, the brother of Peter Andrew Andrew, brother of Peter Andrew
James, the son of Zebedee and the brother of John James, the son of Zebedee and brother of John. Nicknamed Boanerges James James
John, the son of Zebedee and the brother of James John, the son of Zebedee and the brother of James. Nicknamed Boanerges John John
Philip Philip Philip Philip
Bartholomew Bartholomew Bartholomew Bartholomew
Thomas Thomas Thomas Thomas
Matthew Matthew Matthew Matthew
James, the son of Alphaeus James, the son of Alphaeus James, the son of Alphaeus James, the son of Alphaeus
Thaddaeus (KJV and NKJV say Lebbaeus, surnamed Thaddaeus) Thaddaeus Judas, the son of James (or Judas the brother of James) Judas, the son of James (or Judas the brother of James)
Simon, the Zealot Simon the Zealot (or Simon the Cananite) Simon, the Zealot Simon the Zealot
Judas Iscariot Judas Iscariot Judas Iscariot  

Additional Verses:

  • Mark 15:40 and Matthew 27:56 refer to James, the son of Alphaeus, as "James the Less" or "James the Younger" and his brother's name was Joses (a form of the name Judas). Their mother's name was Mary. She was the wife of Clopas (John 19:25), which is probably the Jewish name for Alphaeus.
  • John 14:22 refers to Judas, who was not Iscariot. In other words, Thaddeaus or Judas the brother of James.
  • Mark 2:14 and Luke 5:27-29 tell us that Matthew's other name was Levi and that he too is a son of Alpheaus.
  • John 1:42 tells us that Peter was also called Cephas, which is the Aramaic form of the name Peter. He and Andrew's father was Jonah.